8vo (180 x 126 mm). , 500,  pp. (with pagination errors). Title and first table printed in red and black, text in two columns, indices and Gothi summary in 3 columns, publisher’s woodcut device (Baudrier no. 2) on title and verso of final leaf (otherwise blank), full-page Creation woodcut in six compartments within ornamental border, facing first page of Genesis, historiated woodcut initials throughout; red paragraph marks to opening page and some red highlighting to the facing woodcut border. Mainly faint marginal dampstain in upper margins, light discoloration to outer margins. Contemporary Flemish(?) blind-tooled calf over wooden boards, sides with leafy roll-tool border enclosing central panel with intersecting triple fillets forming a saltire design, the compartments filled with a repeated foliate tool arranged symmetrically, one (of two) fore-edge clasps, two catches; many deckle edges preserved (worn, a few small chips to leather, pastedown endpapers renewed). Provenance: early ownership inscriptions on title: Mr[?] Cornelius Adamus ter Borch[?] / Nu 7; and Siba Lÿken(?); contemporary marginal notes and some text markings (crosses in margins and underlinings) in first few books (Genesis-Deuteronomy); 17th and/or 18th-century mainly philological annotations in Genesis and Exodus and in the indices, including full-page of notes on 2E5v.***
A sixteenth-century Lyonese Bible printed in very small types and with woodcut illustrations; this copy with abundant contemporary annotations and in a contemporary blind-tooled calf binding, probably Flemish.
Mareschal’s Bibles were bestsellers; this is the fourth of six octavo editions from his press. The publisher Simon Vincent belonged to the powerful Compagnie des Libraires in Lyon, whose members helped Mareschal during his early years, impressed by his skill, conscientiousness and sobriety (”a rare trait among printers of this period,” notes Baudrier), qualities which contrasted markedly with those of the printer Michel Topie, whose press Mareschal had acquired in 1512 (Baudrier 11:383).
The text of Mareschal’s octavo Bibles follow that of the Bible printed in Basel by Johann Petri, which was the first Bible to contain marginal notes citing canon law. Petri’s edition included a six-line commendatory poem by Matthias Sambucellus on the title, which is repeated in Mareschal’s editions, here with the first word of the last line incorrectly given as “Omne” instead of “Omine.” The apparatus includes four tables and a glossary of Hebrew names. The last two quires contain a rhyming mnemonic Biblical summary, by the minorite friar Franciscus Gothi, in which each four-line verse summarizes a Biblical chapter. It is not recorded by Baudrier or Gültlingen; apparently buyers had the choice of including it or not in their copies.
This portable glossed Bible, densely and economically printed, with no break between the OT and NT, is nonetheless enlivened by hundreds of historiated woodcut initials from woodcut alphabets designed by Guillaume Leroy, who also designed the six-part full-page woodcut of the Creation (cf. Baudrier 11:380, 397, and 448).
Adams B-997; Pettegree & Walsby III:57271. Darlow & Moule 6093 (note); Baudrier,11:401; Gültlingen 2:209, no.56 (neither listing the Gothi quires). Item #2682