Royal folio (401 x 278 mm). Collation: [a-c10 d8 e6 f-h10 i4 k-m10 n8 o-q10 r8 s10; t4]. 168 leaves, [a]1 and [t]3-4 blank. 62 lines, double column. Type 2:93. Nine- to two-line initial spaces. Rubricated in red: pearled Lombard capitals, headlines, chapter numbers, paragraph marks and capital strokes. Paper: at least 3 different paper stocks with watermarks of 8-petalled daisies, diameters 55, 45, 36 mm.; the same paper was used by the binder for the three blank leaves at front and four at back and for the pastedowns. A vertical impression between the text columns is visible in the last 20 or so leaves, with a small round impression at each end. Minor dampstaining in quire 13 and to final text leaf (s10). Manuscript quiring in center of lower margins, guides to headlines for rubricators in extreme upper margins (most of both cropped but a few preserved).
Binding: contemporary blind-stamped alum-tawed pigskin over part-bevelled wooden boards, from the “Phönix” workshop (Kyriss 162), covers panelled with triple fillets forming compartments, the two covers differently laid out but both with repeated impressions of Maria banderole, Phoenix, Agnus Dei and cross-hatched quatrefoil tools, and, on the front cover, two central rows of a repeated rectangular tool with animals. Two brass fore-edge clasps and catchplates with incised lettering. Quire liners and spine liners from a manuscript on vellum. 19th-century library shelfmark stencilled on spine. Covers rubbed and with some wormholes.
Provenance: occasional contemporary marginal corrections or one-word notes; Hilprand Brandenburg (d. 1514), hand-colored armorial woodcut bookplate (Warnecke 245), showing an angel holding aloft a shield with his arms: azure, a bull passant argent; given to the Carthusians at Buxheim, and probably bound for him; contemporary ex-dono inscription in the hand of the prior, Jakob Louber (Liber Cartusiensium in Buchshaim prope Memmingen proveniens a confratre nostro domino Hilprando Brandenburg de Bibraco, donato sacerdote, continens Bonaventuram super primo libro sententiarum / Oretur pro eo et pro quibus desideravit), contents note (titulus) at top also in Louber’s hand, later Buxheim inkstamp rather tastelessly stamped in the center of opening rubricated initial on first page; Graf von Otstein; Graf Hugo von Waldbott-Bassenheim, sale, Munich (Carl Förster), 20 September 1883; Estelle Doheny, her gift to St.Mary of the Barren’s, Perryville, Missouri (sale, Christie’s NY, 14 December 2001, lot 40, to): Joseph A. Freilich (sale, Sotheby’s NY, 13 December 2002, lot 15).***
First edition of any of Bonaventura’s commentaries on the first book of Peter Lombard’s four-part theological handbook, a very fine copy from the library of Hilprand Brandenburg, bound in his customary bindery, with his celebrated woodcut bookplate and the inscription of Jakob Louber, librarian of the Carthusians of Basel, recording the donation of the book to the library.
The Sentences of the 12th-century scholastic theologian Peter Lombard, Bishop of Paris, remained the most oft-consulted and influential of all such systematic compilations and expositions of theological texts from the Bible and the church fathers, especially Augustine, for three centuries. “By the time Bonaventura was at the University of Paris, it had become the custom for bachelors seeking the masters in theology (the medieval university’s highest degree) to comment on the Lombard,” who was known as the “magister” (C. Cullen, Bonaventura , p. 15). Bonaventura’s commentaries on the Sentences are considered his most important theological and philosophical work. His commentaries on Book II were first printed in Treviso by Hermann Liechtenstein in 1477.
Three different types and groups of books were assigned to the rubric “Printer of ‘Henricus Arminensis’. Those of type 1 are now thought to have been printed by Heinrich Eggestein, and those of type 3 by Georg Reyser, but the Type 2 books have yet to be assigned to any known Strassburg printer: cf. Needham and de Marez Oyens, The Estelle Doheny Collection, part 1, lot 19.
Of the 450 books recorded in the benefactor’s book at Buxheim as a record of Hilprand Brandenburg’s donation to Buxheim, fully 26 were printed in Strassburg. Many of his books were bound in a single shop, some of whose tools were attributed by Kyriss to the Weissenau Praemonstratian convent, and others to a workshop he dubbed the “Phoenix,” localizing it to Biberach or Memmingen precisely because of the connection with Hilprand. It is likely that there was in fact only a single shop. The tools on this binding, of which the first four reproduced by Kyriss, are Einbanddatenbank S001534: 4-pointed hatched shape, stamped to create a field of petals; s001529: Agnus Dei; s001523: phoenix; s001533: Maria banderole; and s001458: a rectangular tool with two animals.
Goff B-870; H 3536*; BMC I, 80 CIBN B-625; Bod-inc B-423; BSB-Ink B-657; GW 4656. On the binding see E. Kyriss, Verzierte gotische Einbände im alten deutschen Sprachgebiet (1951-58), no. 162 (pp. 129-130, pl. 325). On Hilprand Brandenburg, see, among other articles, Victor Scholderer, “Hilprand Brandenburg and his books,” in Fifty Essays in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Bibliography (Amsterdam 1966), 219-223; Paul Needham, “The Library of Hilprand Brandenburg,” Bibliothek und Wissenschaft 29 (1996), pp. 95-125, and “Thirteen More Books from the library of Hilprand Branbenburg,” Einbandforschung 4 (Feb. 1999), 23-25; Eric M. White, “Three Books Donated by Adolf Rusch to the Carthusians at Basel,” Gutenberg-Jahrbuch 81 (2006), 231-235; Oliver Auge, “Frömmigkeit, Bildung, Bücherliebe Konstanten im Leben des Buxheimer Kartäusers Hilprand Brandenburg (1442-1514),” in Bücher, Bibliotheken und Schriftkultur der Kartäuser (Tübingen 2002), 399-422. Item #3170